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    Thread: What are Mergers and Acquisitions?

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      Default What are Mergers and Acquisitions?

      What are mergers and acquisitions?


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      Mergers and acquisitions are strategies for financing companies by splitting, selling, buying or merging with other entities, helping companies grow rapidly.
      In different areas, the distinction between integration and compartmentalization becomes difficult, especially through the end result
      Merger is a consortium of interests of two or more companies so that it becomes a new entity where the merger of a company in another means the total entry of its entity in another company and thus its legal entity and enter the new company
      There are several types of integration of horizontal integration, vertical integration and diverse integration
      The acquisition means the financial and administrative control of a company over another company in whole or in part
      Despite the importance of these operations as funding strategies, but they have some disadvantages such as monopoly of education, health and economic sectors
      Valuation of assets below their value
      These strategies can be done to eliminate competition


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      Mergers and acquisition : Refer to the consolidation between the companies by more types of the financial Transactions but there are a difference between Merges and acquisitions :

      Merges :
      we tell it when we have a combination between two companies .
      Acquisitions : we tell it when some company buys another company .

      Mergers and Acquisitions transactions lead for more benefits to the companies such as :

      1- Increasing the size of the company : in short time because this need a very long time to do it but by M&A Transactions the companies can make it by purchasing or merging another company to them .
      2- Decreasing the competition or the domination : M&A procedures can decrease the competition between two big companies and at same time it can make a domination from one company to the other company .
      3- Reducing the taxes : by buying smaller foreign competitor and converting it to a lower tax jurisdiction .
      4- Reducing the balance of employers : because the M&A Procedures will lead the company for Decreasing the number of employers as accounting, marketing and other department .
      5- Increasing the ability of the company : M&A procedures can increase the ability of the company in producing better output or in increasing the business or decreasing the costs .
      6- Improving the photo of the company on the market : because M&A will lead to making bigger company can attract the investors and the buyers because it will have a good view in the market and this will increase every thing on behalf of the company .

      So Mergers and Acquisitions are a very important procedures the companies can use it for increasing their performance and productivity in the market because it has all the above advantages and also has another benefits to the companies .


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      Merge and acquisitions is when two company Is merge together to become one entity

      Merger: This mostly happen when there is crisis in one of the company.
      Then the share holders of both two parties will have to agree on this, and after such merger deal the acquired company will exist while they will be known only by the acquiring name only.

      Acquisition : after the merger the acquiring company will acquired be in control of all the acquired asset but the acquiring company will still own it name.
      Examples :

      If Google acquire Facebook in acquisition, Google will be the the one giving all the orders but Facebook will still has it own name intact


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      Merger and acquisition are type of strategy in the corporate world. Globally it can be said that merger and acquisition have purpose in achieving growth, synergies between entities, product diversification, strengthening structures and increasing market share. Even so basically mergers and acquisitions have differences in meaning.

      Merger, combination of two companies into one and the company that merges as a taker or buyer of all the assets and liabilities of the company purchased or merged into company doing the merger or the buyer will at least get half the shares of the company purchased.

      Acquisition, takeover of a company by buying shares or assets from the company but the company still exists. Usually the acquisition process can be done on shares or assets owned by the company that has become the target.
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      This is a general term used in the business world in connection with relationship among Companies and organizations when there is a need for consolidation in the areas of finance , paid up capital and the like. It is a form of consolidation of companies or assets through various types of financial transactions.
      The types of transactions involve mergers (coming together of two or more different Companies with defined terms and conditions which could cover the new name and modes of operations in terms of consolidations, tender offers, purchase of assets and management and acquisitions (buying over a Company by the other and the one buying the other may have to take full control of the management)
      Last edited by MT5 bozZdeviL; 08-01-2018 at 05:32 AM. Reason: Edit duplicated posts


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      The Basic principles that guides Mergers and Acquisitions also called M and A is that 2 Companies are generally better off together than when they are separated or run as different entities. Most times companies dont merge or acquire themselves, Except in the times of national or global recession or generally when business gets so bad that several Companies start losing Money.

      In the Merging and Acquisition process, Companies down size by retiring or sacking some staffs and this helps them to thrive better since they will save a lot of Money from the salaries that they are no longer paying. On average english, Merger is to Merge and Acquisition is to acquire, These 2 terms will help us undersand better.

      A Merger occurs when 2 Companies come together and become one, The usually merge their names as well to form one name and they are seemingly equal.

      An acquisition occurs when a company fully buys up stocks of another Company and then change their name since they now own the acquired Company fully.


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      Merger is when two companies combine together to form me body or one company.
      Merger and acquisitions is one of the major aspects of corporate finance world. This mostly happen because two cooperate body's most time have more value more than one

      Mergers & Acquisitions take place:
      1. by purchasing assets
      2. by purchasing common shares
      3. by exchange of shares for assets
      4. by exchanging shares for shares

      When it comes to acquisition one business entity purchases the other business entity including their physical assets.

      A merger or an acquisition usually starts with informal discussions between the boards of the companies involved , followed by formal negotiation, before bringing in their lawyer to finalize the deal.


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      Transactions in which ownership of business organizations are transferred or consolidated with another entity is known as mergers and acquisitions. When two separate business combine to form a new organisation, it is called a merger. But when one entity takes over the other, it is an acquisition.

      A company may merge with another in order to diversify. A company may reduce the impact of another company on its profits by acquisition. Companies may become more profitable by merging with other companies that have specialization in certain crucial areas which they lacked, or have deeper market penetration in important areas of operation.
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      Merger: In business term merger are very common term. When various company want to reduce their competition and want to make maximum profit then those company are join and make merger. Their main objectives are to avoid competition and make huge profit. This is bad for common people.
      Acquisitions: Acquisition means when a big company in a area want to buy other little company for reduce his competitor and want to make huge profit then it is called acquisition. Beside this we can say. When a big company take authority to the other little company and little company run of the conduct of big company then it is called acquisition.


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