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    Thread: What are the characteristics of government securities market?

    1. #1
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      Default What are the characteristics of government securities market?

      What are the characteristics of government securities market?


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      Default Re: What are the characteristics of government securities market?

      Government security are the secure investment from the common people of a country. When government want to get money or invest from his people then they all to buy securities. Many people interested to buy government securities. For big investment or a big project government need huge money and for this reason they call for sell securities. Government do not directly sell securities. They order to his various government or public bank to issue government securities. When government securities are run people are so much interest to buy it because this is called save heaven for them. There are so many advantages of government securities and so people are eager to buy it. Sometime when I get opportunity then I also buy it.


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      Default Re: What are the characteristics of government securities market?

      there are certain unique characteristics of government securities. some of these features are listed below:
      1. government securities and the stock market: the government securities influence the stock market.
      2. the issuing authority: government securities are issued only by governments and semi-government authorities.
      3. issue price: government securities are issued in denominations.
      4. government securities and commercial banks: commercial banks have to maintain their secondary resources via government securities.
      5. tax exemptions: government securities offer certain tax exemptions.
      6. government securities and rate of interest: the rate of interest on government securities is low.
      7. government securities and financial institutions: financial institutions are legally constrained to invest a proportion of their investible surplus in government securities.
      8. government securities and underwriting: government securities are not underwritten.
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      Default Re: What are the characteristics of government securities market?

      We Can Understand The Characteristics Of Government Securities Market Via The Following :

      1- The Issuing Authority : Government Securities Are Issued Only By :
      - The Central Government .
      - State Governments .
      - Semi-Government Authorities .


      2- The Purpose Of Issuing Government Securities : There are Three Purposes Of Issuing Government Securities These Three Purposes Are :
      - Mobilizing Funds For Priority Programs and Development .
      - Meeting Deficit Budget Of Central and State Government .
      - The Influencing On Stock Market Vial High Liquidity Which These Government Securities Bring it .


      3- Government Securities and Commercial Banks :
      - Commercial Banks Invest A Part Of Their Funds In Government Securities to be as A Secondary Resources To Them .
      - Commercial Banks Uses Government Securities as Collateral To Obtain Loans Or Raise Loans .
      - Commercial Banks Can Uses Government Securities To Help Them In Getting a Accommodation From The Reserve Bank .


      4- Government Securities and Underwriting :
      - Government Securities are Not Underwritten But They are Issued By The Debt Once Of the Reserve Bank and Broker Don't Like To Deal In This Type Of Securities .
      - All Issues and Subscriptions are Opened To Investors For Two To Three Days Only .
      - Government Securities are Typically Sold In Over The Counter ( OTC ) Market And They are Separately Negotiated .


      5- Government Securities, Rate Of Interest and Taxes :
      The Government Securities are The Safest Form Of Investment Because At The Time Of Maturity Government Always Meets Its Commitment without any Default So Its Rate Of Interest is Lower Than Any Other Form Of Investment and Government Securities Offer Certain Tax Exemptions More Than Other Securities .


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      Default Re: What are the characteristics of government securities market?

      The basic characteristics of the Government securities are understood as follows:
      1. Issuing authority
      Government securities are issued only by the Central Government, State Governments and quasi-Government authorities. In India, Gold bonds, National Defense Bonds, Rural Development Bonds etc., are the securities issued by the Central Government. Apart from these, the Central Government also issues Treasury bills, special Rupee securities, etc.
      Local Government authorities, city corporations, municipalities, Port trusts, state Electricity Boards, Public Sector undertakings issue bonds. Financial institutions like IDBI, IFCI Land Development Banks and Housing Boards usually issue bonds and debentures.
      2. Purpose of issue of Government Securities
      Government securities are mainly issued for mobilizing funds for the implementation of priority programmes and for meeting deficit budgets of Central and State Governments. As Government securities have high liquidity, they largely influence the stock market.
      3. Government securities and Commercial Banks
      Commercial Banks in India invest a part of their funds in Government securities. Commercial banks holding Government securities approach the Reserve Bank India for financial accommodation. Thus, the commercial banks can raise loans by offering the Government securities as collateral security.
      4. Rate of interest
      Generally, the rate of interest on Government securities is lower than any other form of investment. The
      lower rate of interest is due to the fact that the Government securities are the safest form of investment. The Government never fails in payment of interest and principal to the investors of the Government securities.
      5. Tax concessions
      Government securities carry tax concessions under the Income Tax Act, 1961. For example, Rs. 12,000 is deductible from the Gross total income of the individual investors in respect of interest from Government securities under section 80L. Further, interest on notified bonds such as Gold Deposit Bonds issued under the Gold Deposit Scheme, 1999 is exempt from tax.
      6. Underwriting
      Government securities are issued by the Debt Once of the Reserve Bank of India. The issue and subscription are open to investors for two to three days. The sale of Government securities is usually effected through the Over the Counter market (OTC). These securities are not generally underwritten and brokers do not want to deal with the Government securities.


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      Default Re: What are the characteristics of government securities market?

      The characteristics of government securities are as follows;
      a.They are not underwritten unlike other securities
      b.Government securities have tax exemption attached in order to make it attractive
      c. The issuing prices are in denominations
      d. They are issued only by the government and the government agencies whose such authority has been delegated to
      e. Financial institutions are expected to invest a part of their surplus
      f. It is known to be the safest form of investment in the sense that the maturity time is not too long and the interest rate is reasonable
      g. The fund raised is normally being used by the government for development thus meeting the deficit budget of the central and the state government


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      Default Re: What are the characteristics of government securities market?

      Government securities
      Are electronic securities issued by the government at a discount or interest and the government is committed to payment of money on the due date specified on the date of issuance, and these securities are highly reliable because governments rarely fail to pay their obligations. They can also be issued with different values ​​and maturity periods,
      †In general, the following types of securities can be distinguished.
      1- Treasury bills
      - are short-term government securities maturing on either 91 days, 182 days or 273 days,
      2. Treasury bonds:
      - Medium- and long-term bonds with maturities ranging from one to 30 years sometimes.
      3- Derivatives:
      - are financial instruments that have no intrinsic value; they are derived from the value of other assets or financial instruments associated with them.


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      Default Re: What are the characteristics of government securities market?

      The Characteristics Of Government Securities Market :

      a. Foreign domination
      It is no secret that securities trading transactions on the exchange are dominated by foreigners.

      b. Regulatory gaps and weak oversight of the stock authority
      The supervision mechanism carried out by the exchange authorities is sometimes considered to be still weak in overcoming various conflicts. Conflicts that occur, are usually more due to the weak regulation of the "signs" of the freedom of the market participants to fight for their respective interests.

      c. Retail investors are not optimal
      During this time, transactions carried out on the Jakarta Stock Exchange and the Surabaya Stock Exchange showed more pictures of wealthy investors. Meanwhile, retail investors only have the ability to buy securities in small amounts.

      d. Issues are more dominant than the persuasion of exchange authorities and monetary authorities
      In any capital market, the issue clearly influences the movement of the index. However, the effect can be compared relatively. Monetary, government and congressional authorities sometimes believe in issues that arise.

      e. There is no effective control over the use of the proceeds from the sale of shares
      Ideally, the proceeds from the sale of shares are used to expand the core business and not to diversify or even pay off debt.
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      Default Re: What are the characteristics of government securities market?

      What are the characteristics of government securities market ? Characteristics of Government securities can be considered from the following angles ; [a] Purpose ; Government issue out securities to their prospective clients in order to raise funds for priority programs and for offsetting deficit budget [b] Securities are issued only by the central government ,state government and authorized local government subsidiaries. [c] Securities are issued out in form of [1] Treasury bills [2] Treasury bonds [d] Security bonds maturity could be short term [1] 3 months ,6 months or even 9 months to 1 year [2] Medium term maturity could extend to between 20 to 30 years . [e] Payments at maturity period is guaranteed ,there is no delay or complain after maturity. [f] Usually ,government policy may cover tax payment concession to encourage investors. [g] All commercial banks are encouraged to invest part of their liquidity on security bonds. These security bonds can be used as collateral by the commercial banks to raise loans .


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      Default Re: What are the characteristics of government securities market?

      Government Securities: , Investment bonds and other related instruments like treasury notes issued by the government to finance the expeses and new projects are called government securities.

      Characteristics of Government Securities,
      • Institutional investors trading very large blocks of bonds do most of the trading in these securities.
      • Individuals invest through mutual funds.
      • Investment remains safe.
      • Fixed return becomes possible while investing in government securities.
      • There is no collateral backing system.
      • Longer maturities are possible.
      • ALways issued by the government.
      • Issue price remain specific.
      • The government offers specific rate of return and few of them are tradeable in the stock market.
      • Taxes are exempted while investing in these securities.


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