Abattoir wastes consist of several pollutants such as animal feaces, blood, bone, fat, animal trimmings, paunch content and urine from operations or areas like lairage, stunning or bleeding, carcass processing and by-product processing. These abattoir wastes can be classified as solid, liquid and gaseous forms. Abattoir wastes can have a detrimental effect on the environment, public health, animal health and economy of the country if they are not effectively managed and controlled. Abattoirs often have difficulties in disposing, treating and processing of these wastes in an environmentally acceptable fashion. Due to this reasons there is high risk on environmental pollutions like underground water pollution, air pollution, nuisance, odor, soil pollution and public health risks through transmission of zoonotic diseases to human. Good manufacturing and good hygienic practices, liquid, solid and gaseous waste management practices, are highly necessary to minimize the harmful effect of abattoir wastes. Safe disposal, treatment and processing methods like burial, composting, rendering, incineration, anaerobic digestion and blood processing are also highly important to absorb our economic benefits from abattoir wastes /by-products rather than controlling public health risks and environmental pollution.
1. Abbatior waste can help and serve as fertiliser to farmers.
1.Health: Abattoir waste just like any other waste can be detrimental to humans and the environment if definite precautions are not taken
Abattoir also call slaughter house are places where animals are killed and butchered for the intention of being process to human consumption. Abattoir sole work is the killing of animals hence they work with the farmers who take their animals to the abbattior to be slaughtered and butchered, then they return to collect their produce. Because of the nature of abattoir job the wastes consist of several pollutants such as animal feaces, blood, bone, fat, animal trimmings, paunch content and urine from operations or areas like lairage, stunning or bleeding, carcass processing and by-product processing. The way and manage at which at this waste are dispose are therefore important to prevent pollution of the environment . If properly manage abbattior waste can be recycle and reprocess to produce feed animals, use as fertilizer, e.t.c. Method of waste disposal and management of abbattior: Dumping: it's an unorganize abattoir waste disposal method, where waste are drop at near by site or rivers. This method constitutes a major environmental challenge in all parts of the world. AD: AD is a biological process by which organic wastes are decomposed in the absence of oxygen, producing a sludge of agricultural value, as well as biogas, which can be used to generate energy. This method is environment friendly and turn abbattior waste to utility. Composting: is an aerobic process by which organic waste like those of the abbattior are degraded through the activities of successive groups of microorganisms. Composting is environmentally acceptable method for the disposal of abbattior wastes. Advantages:
1. Abbattior waste can be process to biogas. Hence can be a great source of energy.
2. It can be process into fertilizer. Disadvantages:
1. The odor are terrible.
2. If not properly manage constitutes serious environmental and health challenges
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