Natural phenomena such as warming or cooling of the climate or sea-level changes can cause the extinction of animals. However, in more modern times, human activity has been blamed. Habitat destruction is the main reason for the extinction of farmland. Deforestation is one of the main reasons for extinction. Other reasons are pollution, the introduction of alien species, and excessive hunting. However, climate change is considered the main reason for the extinction of many animals. Environmental factors or development issues can make a species die out. Species continue to disappear from the earth, and rates vary over time. The IUCN Red List estimates that a quarter of mammals are at risk of extinction.
To some extent, extinction is natural. Habitat changes and low reproductive trends are one of the factors that can keep a species from dying longer than its birth rate, which eventually went unnoticed. A lot of species are considered to be extinct right now, and scientists are identifying then based on their fossils. There may be other extinct species yet to be discovered by humanity. Some known animals are also on the edge of extinction, and humanity plays a major role in the extinction. Hunting and deforestation are some of the main reasons for the extinction of many species because deforestation destroys the home of countless animals, and they are forced to come in the open. When they do, they are captured or hunted, or they die in accidents.
The Dodo is one of the most important species for human extinction, living mainly in the island nation of Mauritius and is featured in Louis Carroll's book "Alice in Adventures in Wonderland". Dutch sailors first mentioned dodos in the late 16th century, and last appeared in 1662 after its extinction. Billions of passenger pigeons that covered North American skies when they landed on the European continent died in 1914 at the Cincinnati Zoo. Dodos larger than turkey weigh 23 kg. It has a blue-gray lattice, large head, 23 cm red bottle bill with reticular tip, small clumsy wings, stalk yellow legs, and rear end. Curly highs can serve as a high-volume tuft. Rodriguez Solitaire may be the white version of Dodo. The brown Rodriguez solitaire was long and slender, with a short head, small bill lacking heavy hooks and wings with knees. Remains of Dodo, head, and foot in Oxford, a foot in the British Museum, ahead and skeletons in Copenhagen are more or less in various museums in Europe, the United States, and Mauritius. Many solitaire bones were also preserved.
The Black Rhinoceros is considered to be smaller than the other 2 African rhinoceros species. The most noticeable difference between the white and black rhinoceros is their sloping upper lip. It distinguishes itself from white rhinoceroses that have a square mouth. Brows are more than black rhinoceros forage, and their angled lips help to eat the leaves that come from shrubs and trees. They have two horns, and sometimes a third, smaller rear horn. Black rhinoceroses population decreased at an emissive rate during the 20th century at the hands of European hunters and settlers. Between 1960 and 1995, the number of black rhinos decreased by 98% to less than 2,500. Since then, the species has received tremendous returns from the brink of extinction.
Due to continuous conservation efforts across Africa, black rhinos had doubled between 5,042 and 5,455 today from a historic level 20 years ago. However, black rhinos are still thought to be endangered, and there is still much work to be done to bring numbers to some of what once existed and to see that it remains there. Wildlife crime, in this case, continues with rhino horn hunting and black-market smuggling, making the species threatened by its recovery.
Baiji White Dolphin
The Baiji White Dolphin, also known as the Chinese River Dolphin, is found only in the Yangtze River in China. These mammals can grow up to eight feet and weigh up to a ton. Because of their small eyes and very keen eyesight, they relied on echolocation to navigate and hunt for prey. After living in the Yangtze for 20 million years, their numbers have plummeted since the 1950s. In China's industrialization, the river was used for fishing, transportation, and hydropower, which had a great impact on mammals. Although not officially declared extinct, the Yangtze River Dolphin has not been seen since 2002. Badges lived in small groups of two to six, with the largest group being 16 mammals. They are not showy dolphins and are usually encountered without interruption. They are calm and shy, and they actively avoid boats. Baiji relied mainly on echo locations to hunt freshwater fish in the river and surrounding lakes. Its eyesight is not good, and baiji's visibility is also weak.
The Tasmanian Tiger is a major carnivore in Australia, Tasmania, and New Guinea. Not related to tigers, this creature appeared to be a large-sized dog from the medium, but the dark stripes gave it a tiger-like appearance. It is believed to have been hunted for extinction, gifts promoted it, but human encroachments on its habitats have contributed to the entry of dogs and diseases. The last wild Tasmanian tiger of its kind was killed sometime between 1910 to 1920 and was last captured at the Hobart Zoo in Tasmania in 1936. Although there have been hundreds of reports of unconfirmed views of a Tasmanian tiger in Tasmania and mainland Australia since the late 1930s, each has been considered involuntary. In addition, several population surveys conducted by naturalists and wildlife officials between 1937 and 2008 failed to follow the same pattern.
Tasmanian tigers are meat-eaters. There has been little research on the eating habits of these animals, although they have hunted kangaroos, sheep, and Wallaby. According to the Encyclopedia Britannica, these animals can open their mouths up to 90 degrees. However, a study in the August 2011 Journal of Zoology found that the Tasmanian tiger could not kill large baits due to its weak jaws. The authors speculated that the animal might have preyed on small marsupials such as Wallaby. It wasn't from the tigers family, and it was called a tiger due to tiger-like stripes on the body of this animal.
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