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    Thread: What Is The Impact Of Child Abuse On Personality Of An Adolescent

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      Default What Is The Impact Of Child Abuse On Personality Of An Adolescent

      Child Abuse is a worldwide problem widespread among most of the families. Children have always been considered as exclusive property for their parents and they have suffered so much from the attitude of the people who are supposed to nurture them. Child maltreatment, neglect might be defined as any behavior directed toward a child by an adult that endangers or impairs a child`s physical or emotional health and development.



      Childhood Maltreatment:

      Childhood and adolescent`s sexual behavior, the effects of force, and the type of sexual abuse on sexual behavior and their consequences have been less studied. This article will help us to understand the relationship between childhood abuse and its impact on the personality of the adolescence of Asian Countries. Our culture has played a very influential role in the personality development of an individual. As a person suffers from childhood trauma, it leads to multiple personality disorders. It affects social life, cognition, and mental impairment.

      The consequences of maltreatment can be devastating. For over 30 years, the clinicians have mentioned the effects of child abuse and neglect caused malnourished physical, psychological cognitive, and behavioral development of children. The situation in Asian Countries is not better than any other developing country but the non-availability of the statistics at the government level regarding the prevailing situation of child abuse makes it more crucial. The children who don`t have any kind of official identity are more vulnerable to abuse and exploitation. (Asia Child Rights, 2005)



      Child abuse and maltreatment have many profound effects on children's cognitive development. Attempts have made to disentangle the impacts of abuse and neglect, the findings suggest that severe neglect may interfere with the development of executive functioning, and both neglect and abuse increase the risk for attention regulation problems and ADHD (Attention Deficit Hyperactive Disorder), lower IQ, and poorer school performance. This abusive or neglectful attitude from caregivers, it is nearly impossible and difficult for the victims in developing organized and secure attachments. As a result, they develop a higher risk for the development of attachment disorders, particularly disinhibited social engagement disorder.

      The Personality Of An Adolescent:

      Sexual abuse, violence against children, and teenagers is a problem that affects many countries. It must be considered that the effects are not only felt by the victim but also by society. The main concerns are the personality impact caused by abuse in the history of an adolescent in his/her childhood. Experience of early childhood victimizations is significantly related to adult arrest records. Overall about 29% of those who were abused and neglected as children have arrested for a criminal( non-traffic) offense as an adult in comparison to about 21% of the control subjects (wisdom, 1989).

      Psychological Impact:

      According to a long-term study, 80% of young adults who had been abused met the diagnostic criteria for at least one psychiatric disorder at the age of 21. In most cases, children who are abused, or neglected suffer greater emotional than physical damage (American Academy of Pediatrics, 2000).

      It was observed that child who suffers from abuse, maltreatment is at greater risk for adverse health effects and behaviors as an adult including smoking, alcoholism, drug abuse, eating disorders, obesity, depression, suicide and certain chronic diseases (Felitti et al.1998; Runyan et al.2002). Children who had a history of abuse and neglect are at higher risk for developing externalizing behavior problems, which includes ODD (Oppositional Defiant Disorder), conduct disorder, and suffers from aggression problems. These children also are at greater risk for internalizing problems, most likely depression, in childhood, adolescence, and adulthood.

      There are a variety of impacts upon adolescents, children who suffer from abuse, maltreatment, or neglect. Some of them are as Abusive head Trauma, impaired brain development, The frequency, duration, and severity of the maltreatment, The relationship between the child and the perpetrator, poor physical health, poor mental and emotional health, cognitive difficulties, social difficulties, difficulties during adolescents (substance abuse, etc.), juvenile delinquency and adult criminality, alcohol and other drug abuse, and abusive behavior (children`s Bureau July 2013).

      Child Abuse In Asian Countries:

      Child abuse became a focus of concern for public sectors for the last two decades in Asian Countries but still, physical abuse as harsh disciplinary, and these cruel practices are very common in Asian Countries society. Physical punishment has been seen as a necessary reinforcement at home or schools in our daily scenario. Around 50,000 children with severe injuries, every year, enough to require hospitalization are not even reported and, about 8 million children under the age of 15 years out of 3000,000 population of this age are involved in child labor (Kamal, 1991). It has been proposed that Asian Countries are perhaps offering worse conditions for children than any other country in South Asia Kamran (2004).



      Around 8 million children, or 40% of the total population of children under the age of 5, suffer from malnutrition. Approximately 63% of children aged between 6 months and 3 years have shown stunted growth and 42% are found whether anemic and underweight. These poor conditions have also been extended to the education sector. In Asian Countries, about 23 million children have never been to school.

      Cultural Factors:

      Inadequate respect for the interest of the likelihood of nourishment of children and insensitivity to their needs, necessities, and emotions is not a new phenomenon, as children have been regarded as the mere possession of their guardians. In Asian Countries, child abuse is still invisible being called maintaining discipline in their personalities. So, cultural factors and the personality characteristics of abusing parent and educational levels appear to be strongly associated with child abuse. The authoritative style of parenting, by letting them show their love or affection physically or verbally by fondling, hugging, kissing, or caressing a child whereas the authoritarian style leads towards the dislike and disapproval.

      Conclusion:

      Desired personality traits can be developed and modified up too late adolescence/early adulthood. Personality traits relatively become stable by the passage of time, especially after late adolescence. Biological/genetic factors (traits) can be a significant role in personality development.


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