Canada shares land border with only the United States. Canada occupies a total area of 9,984,670 square kilometres (3,855,100 square miles) making it the 2nd largest country in the world by size. As of 2020, the population of Cameroon is estimated at around 37,773,215 people and is ranked 39th as the most populated country in the world. Canada’s people are called Canadians. The major ethnic group in Canada is European, with 72.9% of the total population of the country falls into this group. Ottawa is its capital city while Toronto is its largest city. The predominant religion in the country is Christianity (67.2%). Canada like Bahrain achieved independence from the United Kingdom on July 1, 1867. The average life expectancy in Canada is 82.52 years, according to the latest survey.
At 202,080 km/ 125,567 miles Canada has the longest coastline in the world. Three Canadian islands are among the world's top ten most important islands. These are: the Baffin Islands (more than twice Great Britain 's size), the Victoria Island and the Ellesmere Island (both approximately England's size). Less than half the world's lakes are found in Canada! The country has over 3 million lakes and 31,700 major lakes, with an area of over 300 hectares. Canada also contains two of the world 's biggest lakes: Great Bear Lake and Great Slave Lake. In eastern Canada, the Bay of Fundi has the highest tides in the country. The waves are over 13 m/42 ft tall. The Jasper National Park covers many vegetation areas in the Rocky Mountains. The largest bay in Canada is Hudson Bay, which was discovered by the English explorer Henry Hudson in 1610. Hudson Bay is located in Eastern Canada and is frozen annually from between mid-December and mid-June. Canada and Brunei have the largest oil reservoir in the world, just behind Saudi Arabia.
The longest river in Canada, in the North West, is McKenzie River. The river spans 4,241 km/2,635 miles. Mount Logan is the highest mountain in Canada at 5,959 m/ 19,551 ft. Mount Logan lies at the Alaska / USA border in the Yukon Territory. The literacy rate is 99%, and virtually all Canadians are able to read and write. Canada is the fourth largest hydroelectric power producer-after China , Brazil and the USA. The Trans-Canada highway is currently the world's longest national highway. Over half the landmass of Canada is covered by forests. There are approximately 180 species of tree in Canada. Timber is one of the country 's principal exports. Canada is the world 's third most forest-rich region. On 3 February 1957 in Snag, Yukon, the coldest temperature ever recorded in Canada was -63°C (-81.4°F). The largest waterfall in Canada is 440 meters (1.444 feet ) high in Della Falls, British Columbia. Hockey and lacrosse are national games within Canada. We have enlisted some interesting facts about Canada in this article. Here are those facts:
The name of Canada derives from a aboriginal word meaning 'village.' The name of the nation is believed to derive from the word 'Kanata,' which in the St. Lawrence Iroquoian language means 'village' or 'settlement.' This term was first used by the indigenous people of modern Quebec to describe Stadacona, a village that Jacques Cartier visited at the height of French explorations. He finally referred to the region as "Canada," as did the other writers and historians in Europe who followed. The nation had been divided by the British as Upper and Lower Canada in its colonial history. It also was a 'dominion' until 1982 it was their 'own' monarch.
Canada prides itself on having one of the world's highest immigration rates. This is due to the good economy of the country, and to the promise of reunification of the family. As such, approximately one out of five Canadians was born abroad. Canada welcomed a record-high of over 290,000 permanent immigrants in 2016, a fascinating fact about Canada. About half of these were economic migrants, a community comprising professional workers and businessmen. The bulk of migrants had come from India, followed by China and the Philippines. Interestingly, the British and Americans comprise the 4th and 5th largest communities coming to Canada.
With more than $1.7 trillion in Gross Domestic Product, Canada holds the planet's tenth-largest economy. The GDP enjoys exponential growth, with just a small downturn before rebounding in 2009, an fascinating fact about Canada. Canada scores a strong Human Development Index ( HDI), thanks to its thriving economy. Currently it ranks 13 with a 0.922 HDI score. At 82.3 years it has a high life expectancy which is the same as Norway, the number one country in the ranking. The average length of schooling is at 13.3 years, which is comparatively more than reported in the top 9 countries. The United Nations is putting the country's Gross National Income at $43,602 per capita as of recent rankings.
Maple Leaf Flag
The iconic Maple Leaf Flag only came to be in 1965. For the longest time , the nation of Canada was without its own emblem. This used the British Union Jack flag until 1964 when former Prime Minister Lester Pearson was talking of adopting "own" flag of the country. The winning design was that of the Maple Leaf Flag of modern times, designed by George Stanley. The red-and - white flag was influenced by the Royal Canadian Military School. It launched officially on 15 February 1965, known to the Canadians as "National Flag Day."
World’s Longest Land Boundary
The dividing line stretches 5,525 miles between the two North American countries , making it the longest land boundary facing the world. Canada shares some 1,538 miles of the boundary with Alaska. Much of the boundary spans parts of the Great Lakes and St. Lawrence River through trees, rivers, and also. This also takes the distinction of the longest defenseless frontier in the world but only in the military context. Crossing the borders is legally illegal, and police are present to enforce these legislation.
Lowest Population Density
Given its high immigrant numbers, Canada has one of the lowest population densities in the world. Canada is home to about 37.8 million people. While it has many people, it has a large area. This explains their low population density of 4 individuals per square kilometer. It is tenth on the list, with Guyana and Libya sharing the same population density number. Because most of its lands are cold, 95 percent of Canadians live south of the 55th parallel. Four-fifths of the population is within 93 miles of the border between the US and Canada. Practically half live in the Quebec City-Windsor Corridor district. At the other hand, the 30 per cent live respectively in the Calgary-Edmonton Corridor and the Lower Mainland.
In 1982 Canada gained absolute sovereignty. Canada has been under the British Flag for decades. And if it was self-governing, it was still a colony, legally. It is for this reason that the United Kingdom still had the power to legislate for Canada. All of this changed with the passing of the 1982 Canada Act, where provincial decisions can be altered only by region. This eventually paved the way for Canadian sovereignty, which came into effect after Queen Elizabeth signed the aforementioned constitution.