image retrieved from https://nofilmschool.com/sites/defau...eas_header.pngMaking short films for beginners is difficult when you don't know the process. I committed so many errors when I made my first movie, where I not only wasted a lot of time but also lost a few precious bucks. So, in this post, I'll direct you along the way to a step-by - step process on How to make the best way for beginners to make a short film. How to get beginners to make a short film?Starts with an idea. Turn the idea into a script and then, like any filmmaking cycle, three basic phases of short filmmaking – pre-development, production and post-production – are all under way. Your short film is the end result. Films is a joint project and it is no different to short films either. We 're going to discuss every step-in detail but it's important to know why you want to make the short one before getting into it.Why make a short movie?A short film is just the start process for newbies. It is the hands-on experience in the method of producing films. But, if you've never been keeping a digital camera or penning a novel, you can still do it with your smartphone and a pen and paper. The method stays the same though you will have to do it all by yourself in this situation.But for someone who has learned storytelling; knows one or two things about blocking the camera and lighting, short films may be a path to making feature films. First-hand experience, A brilliant story concept, Demo Reel – A path to film and television career, participate in festivals and contests, School / Organization projects, to partner, to make money on the internet, Gags and fun, Check items.But before you make one you need to know the "Why" to have a better approach to making your short film. For a novice, you need to be sure to include your voice in your movies. So, now that you got it out of the way, let's get into the How to make a Short Film phase.Beginner’s Guide to Short Filmmaking
The Development Stage
Fix Your GenreIt's always about checking the waters, for a beginner. But you always have to find a movie that describes you as a director. Try choosing the genre you want to be known for. Before the legendary Star Wars saga, George Lucas attempted Electronic Labyrinth: THX 1138 4EB. The same goes for the Doodlebug by Christopher Nolan which has been a high concept novel. Choose your genre near your center, then. I suggest that you choose it before the idea unless there is an assignment or a compulsion to stray from your genre. If you have the genre, then your ideas will begin to populate in that direction.Your Short Film IdeaThe idea of story cannot be expansive if it is to go beyond 40 minutes. Your film will lose the status of being called a short film after 40 minutes. So brainstorm on a couple of ideas which would be short and crisp. Without losing its engaging nature you should be able to conclude it strongly. It's your first script, so don't make things complicated. Keep it simple, because while making your first short, there will be more tough things to do.Penning the ScriptThe next step is to convert the idea to a script. Try keeping your script pages below thirty, considering that each page will take a minute of your screen time. You shouldn't go beyond that to keep it safe within the rules. Frankly, I would suggest that you start with 3 to 5-minute films where you can make your film cheaply, or even free of charge, and learn the tricks at a lower cost. In any case, if you adopt the screenplay format of the industry for your script, your pages will show the estimated length of your short.Shot Breakdown / StoryboardingThe next stage will give your script a dream. Bringing people together on the same page is important. It is incredibly necessary for a novice to break down scenes into shots and do a storyboard if possible. It is a reference board which helps to plan your production in advance. You will also get an overview of the timetable, budget, design and specifications of your job.Storyboards keep your attention on the shoot and are an excellent resource particularly for beginners in film making. I recommend blocking and shooting your friends with your smartphone to create storyboard stills, if you can't draw them. You can really see your story in photos, so you will recognize the errors that will arise in your shooting or storytelling. Never miss the piece.BudgetingHow much does your film cost you and can be deducted by proper film budgeting? Budgeting would depend on factors such as production size, locations, props, shoot days etc. The easiest way to budget is to split the script first down to locations, actors, props, technical equipment such as camera, sound recorders and lighting, number of shooting days, cost of post-production etc. Once you've got an estimate, chase angel investors to raise the funds for your movie.image retrieved from https://newbiefilmschool.com/wp-cont...esizeimage.jpgThe Pre-production PhasePre-production is the process of planning before taking the shoot. There is tremendous planning a director has to handle in advance, such as location recce, equipment list, auditions for the right cast, crew hiring etc. So let's take through of them back.Location RecceWhen the script is broken down, you segregate the locations and the number of scenes that the location demands. Locations may be both outdoor and indoor. Scenes indoors give you greater control than outdoors because you have fewer outside influences to affect your performance.Outdoor locations require local body permits and if they're night scenes you'll require lighting and power access. Night shooting is typically slower than the day shots, and therefore is more expensive. My advice to you for a beginner is trying to make one indoor movie venue. Yeah, it's cliche but it gives you more control over your film making and is cheap if you can do it at home.Get your film equipmentOur camera is the primary equipment you need for your short film unless you're taking photos, sketching or animations to make your short. You may also need to remember the aspect ratio and production type of your film before choosing a camera. Where will you be showcasing your film? Is it a silver screen, or the internet? If you have the answers, you should likewise choose the camera.Many critical things your camera needs are the lenses and accessories. Another important thing you need to concentrate on is Lighting and Sound. It is important to finalize beforehand the number of lights and reflectors, the correct microphones, sound recorders, rigs, grips, etc. Rent it out, borrow from fellow filmmakers or just purchase what you can afford before the shooting begins.Hire your CrewNow you need to run the equipment on your crew. Besides your cameraman and his assistants, technicians are required to handle lights, sound, reflectors, editing, etc. You'll need staff to manage services relating to growth. As a director you'll need support. Find any adjunct administrators. Production Designer would involve their workers in the field of art and costume.The crew will easily add up and you should keep your crew at its minimum for beginners, as each headcount would increase your budget. You must pick them carefully, then. You may always turn to your family and friends to manage production or assistance. You can also control the camera when directing. Similarly, other individuals can also carry on multitasks.Call time for Actors and CrewBefore the shooting day all the actors and members of the crew will have their calling time for the shoot. One or two hours of call time should be provided before the actual activity begins. Actors require time to rehearse, wear costumes and makeup. Others, too, must be comfortable for their respective duties. Similarly, crew from other departments need to arrive at their respective time before the camera rolls to get things set.image retrieved from https://newbiefilmschool.com/wp-cont...b-Owens-01.jpg
The Production PhaseThe process of development is where the actual action lies. Any screw up here and you are sabotaging your movie. So the better the more comfortable you are in the planning when shooting the video. So let me share the process I've been going through while shooting.Rehearse before ShootYou've already worked out blocking and positioning your camera with your actor earlier but not so. Often actors put in some fascinating changes to the table. The scene is executed and they have a stronger understanding of engaging with their surroundings. You could not neglect the inputs. Rehearsing with the camera will help to tweak the blocking. Still rehearse with the scene master clip. No previous rehearsals may be required for coverage.Get the Actors ReadyWhen the lights are set up actors should be ready. They will apply their makeups and have their costumes packed. Test that the fittings don't restrict their movements beforehand. Talking about costumes, you can always ask your actors to get their clothes, if it's not a period or a costume drama. They 're going to be pleased to do so because they 're confident in their clothing unless you rough them up. You may also give them to buy their shoes, and refund those.Lights, Sound, Camera ActionIt's time the camera goes rolling. It is the proudest moment of all. You dreamed of this day and here you are in their place with your actors and the cinematographer is waiting for your request. You say "Action" and the shooting of your first short begins. To get the feel of shooting you should always try to film basic scenes the first day. Slowly switch on to intense scenes of emotion. You will also shoot scenes based on priorities, location preferences or actor dates.You need to schedule it accordingly. As in its chronology, scenes are never taken. Try planning a master shot that covers the entire scene. Then split it down to close-ups and mid-shots to cover the rest of the frame. It takes a long time for the Master shot to fire so if you are stressed for time or obstacles. You canned out your key scene. Don't forget to take your B-rolls and cutaways, too. In improving the suspense in the scene or transiting into the next scene they play an important part.image retrieved from https://newbiefilmschool.com/wp-cont...b-Owens-03.jpg
The Postproduction Phase
EditingEditing requires assimilating the sound and the video. You will pass the data on to your editing suite or desktop. Digitize the video and arrange it according to the scenes into directories or bins. After that, you can also upload the sound files, then match the audio to the video. The Final Cut Pro and Adobe Premier are some of the common editing tools among newbies. And your rough edit ends after the segregation.Here the shots are arranged sequentially as per the scene flow. Your first line-up is set, in a matter of time. But that's not what a publisher does. Now his work begins, where he cuts, rearranges shots and forms the scenes to improve your story's suspense and interaction. If the editing is finished, there are still some jobs left in the movie. You need the soundtrack and the sound effects. You need to fine-tune the edit again when the need arises. Therefore it's not the final cut yet.Sound DesigningFifty percent of your film is music. It is implicit and affects the viewer subconsciously. It is an intangible yet vital influence to help the visuals. Your sound is composed of 3 to 4 components. Voice recording, visual effects, graphic design, and music. If you have captured sound in the shoot or would like to dub it in the post, then a crisp and clear sound of your dialog is important.The sound of footsteps, weapons, door cracking, atmosphere are the effects that lie underneath the voice layer to bring the viewer into your scene set-up medium. Music is the essence of your story and it kindles your spirit. And instead, the sound designer designs the whole sound system depending on the scene's mood and demands.Visual EffectsAt the same time you can start your work on the appropriate effects for the visuals. Whether it's some animation clips, animation interaction and live action, or the inclusion of computer-generated effects, the time is right now. If you have filmed shots using green screens, you can set appropriate backgrounds by keying out the light. The visual effects and the CGI occur parallel to other material, and it occupies much of the post-production time. In the meantime, you can get your movie titling and end credits done too.Final PrintYour film is now complete, and it's time to move your film to different file formats, such as HD, mpegs, or video formats. You can also print negatives on film if you apply to any film festivals or want to display them onto a panoramic wall. Take considerable backups to archive your video, too. Congratulations, Mr President. Your short film is finished, and your first mission is accomplished.What should I do with the film now?Now that you've made your first short film it's time to catch as many eyeballs as you can. You can take it with you to festivals, view it online, ask for assignments or sell it immediately. There are several choices but, as I said earlier, to know why you're keeping this short. You will step in that direction.