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    Thread: Overview on Natural fertilizers for plants

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      Default Overview on Natural fertilizers for plants

      Overview on Natural fertilizers for plants

      Home farming is a hobby that has been a hobby in the recent period, perhaps to the awareness of the domestic ban and the lack of reasons for going down, in the midst of all this pressure became green leaves that cut the soil and announce a new birth is a refuge from boredom and confinement, and although it has become the hobby of choice for many, but it is the basic hobby of the addicts of agriculture for a long time, and everyone is trying to find pleasure and interest together in agriculture, and there are natural fertilizers for plants found in your kitchen can be used.

      The most popular demand for agriculture is organic agriculture, or you do not need processed chemicals or the addition of harmful chemicals, and for the right so that speech does not become just a beautiful dream does not achieve organic agriculture of the hardest things and needs to fold care and care in normal circumstances and the result after all "according to luck" but if you really see that the repetition of attempts in this case means a lot and in the end it will work with you only needs experience in agriculture.

      Home-grown soils
      Of course not everything we buy is harmful chemical on the contrary there are some products that help with organic farming, and of course you can make them at home, as will be seen now.

      But if you're a beginner on the contrary, I recommend you buy ready-made soil.

      Also do not try to prepare them at home, as they go through some stages that may make you stop the idea of farming in the first place.

      Most of the plants grown in the house need to mix the bitmus, which is a ready soil you can buy with the building sand after washing it several times, by 1:1 often and add the compost by half each and is one of the fertilizers also, but not all plants the same soil this soil for most plants always try to look for the plant-friendly soil when bringing it home.

      But you'll always need to petmos and compost, mix them with sand, or add clay soil to the mixture sometimes.
      Fertilizers can also be used for natural things from your kitchen and will be very useful.

      But if you're a little lazy, don't leave the whole farming.

      I take advantage of the ready-made products of agricultural sellers, so what not all of them is left behind.

      And my advice is always when you start a hobby or a craft and try to learn it do not do all things at once, follow the steps and here on yourself so that you do not find that it is an overload to get rid of.

      How to make agricultural soil at home.

      Agricultural soils must be rich in nutrients in order for the plant to grow healthy and can fruit or flower and keep away from it.

      To ensure all this, the plant plant plant is planted with only a small amount of soil.

      So it's about looking for nutrients, so the nutrient-rich soil should be put in place from the beginning, which is the batmos, but how do I make the soil from natural materials?

      Planting needs all the nutrients and therefore God has distributed these elements to different plants.

      In order to benefit, you can collect all the leftovers that are related to the food, carrot peels, potatoes, onions, cucumbers, egg shells, bananas, peels of all the plants that can be eaten with egg shells.

      How to make
      All of these ingredients are in a can or an old jar and a hole in the sides of the jar to allow air to enter.

      And then:

      Put all the ingredients with a little water.
      Then leave it in a sunny place outside the house, perhaps in the garden or above the roof of the house.
      And try to flip every few days.
      At first you will notice a permeable smell and then the smell will subside and the ingredients will begin to merge after decomposition by the sun.
      It takes from two to three months and of course do not try to open the box or make holes wide, because during the decomposition consists of microorganisms and is the one that decomposes originally do not try to open the box at all, will start to open when you find the box or the box became very light and much lighter than its weight at the beginning, which means that the components have been decomposed and merged, and now the soil is ready and very nutritious beyond the application of the benefits and membership of 100% and ready to grow in it by mixing it With sand.

      Natural fertilizers for plants
      The basis in organic farming depends on not using chemical fertilizers or introducing manufactured materials into plants, especially if they are eaten or used in food or beverages, so you can make several fertilizers at home that benefit plants and make them grow healthy and fast at the same time.

      But be ware of using them all at the same time or at different times you can use these fertilizers once a week for irrigation and the week after to spray the plant parts.

      1- Natural fertilizer suppalling of plants: yeast solution fed
      Yeast is a type of fungus that carries many benefits and vitamins and minerals count less and countless vitamins B12 and B6 compound, so it is very useful for plants and provides it with a lot of what needs and you can make a solution for irrigation or solution to spray parts of the plant it is suitable for use in both ways, and yeast does not work except in the sugar yam.

      How it works
      Put a teaspoon of dry yeast and you can of course replace it with soft yeast called "my country's yeast".
      Add yeast to a liter of water and a teaspoon of sugar.
      Shake it well or dissolve it and preferably place it in a fairly large pot even if the water increases slightly and finds space, and leave it for at least 6 hours.
      Put the solution in a spray and sprinkle all parts of the plant with a good spray.
      Sugar can be replaced with black honey and the solution can be used for soil irrigation the following week.
      Both methods cannot be used at the same time or on close days.
      2- Natural fertilizers for plants: banana peel solution

      Banana peels are rich in potassium and many nutrients, including iron, the plant is in dire need of it.

      Therefore, making a solution of banana peels fills the plant's need for a lot of what it needs.

      But the plant cannot be irrigated today and re-watered with another solution tomorrow, at least a week between any attempt at natural fertilization and another.

      How it works
      Cut the available amount of banana peels with a knife to small pieces and put them in a pot and pour a quantity of hot water on it about a liter if the banana peels are the result of a kilo of bananas, for example.
      Cover tightly, leave for a whole night or a whole day and then put on.
      It can be diluted if the amount of bananas is too much and then we irrigate the plants with them.

      3. Natural fertilizers for plants: eggshells fertilizer
      Egg shells contain a large amount of calcium in addition to some other nutrients.

      But to take advantage of it it must be placed in the sun for a while so that the plant can benefit from it without causing any damage to the soil or plant.

      How it works
      After using the eggs, take the crusts and wash them thoroughly so as not to cause a bad smell.

      It is also preferable to remove the thin crust inside the hard shell if we can and break the crust to small pieces until it is exposed to the sun well.

      Then we put them in a sun-exposed pot for at least 10 days, after which the crusts are milled in the mill and have two ways to use.

      The first method:
      As for scratching the soil and taking a little and then mixing about a spoon for two tablespoons of egg husk powder with the soil and return ing it again to the right, but the soil should be scratched very gently and away from the middle of the cut and contains the roots, and take the quantity from the edges of the sais and then return the quantity mixed with fertilizer for the pots and distribute it in all parts and then irrigate the plant well, this method is used and the soil is dry.

      The second method:
      Soak a tablespoon of egg shells powder in a pint of water for 4 hours, then stir well and irrigate the plant.

      However, water must be distributed throughout the soil in order for the powder to be distributed.

      It is preferable that the soil be dried so that the plant benefits from the fertilizer well.

      4- Natural fertilizers for plants: tea and coffee fertilizer
      Tea and coffee are also organic materials that are particularly beneficial to home plants.

      But you can't add it like this once in a cup after you've finished drinking your favorite cup of coffee.

      But there is a custom way to use correctly so that your plants do not harm and spoil the soil.

      And remember well that putting the leftovers of tea and coffee in the cuperas thus makes the soil filled with insects do not do so.

      How to use
      Filter the leftovers of coffee and tea and place them in the sun in a drained pot so that they are exposed to the sun clearly and strongly.

      Leave in the sun for at least one week to 10 days.

      If you add daily in the pot, it should be the last time you add a week in the sun before adding to the soil.

      Then mix it with a quantity of soil and distribute it on the face of the cut and the soil is dry so that it is irrigated after the addition.
      5- Natural fertilizer suppalling for plants: rice water fertilizer
      Rice water fertilizer is the most powerful fertilizer ever in natural fertilizers because it contains high value, including potassium, magnesium and many others, and some say that it is equal to the effect of NPK, which is a fertilizer sold in the shops of plant requirements and is suitable for most plants and has a strong effect, and rice water fertilizer has more than one method where it is used as a feed solution or strong fertilizer.

      The modus operandi of a solution fed from rice
      Put 2 spoonrices of any kind in a large glass of water "about a quarter liter" and cover and leave for at least 4 hours, then irrigate the plant, but of course it is preferable to the plant needed to irrigate in order to benefit the most.

      The modus operandi of NPK fertilizer from rice
      Put 10 tablespoons of rice in a liter of hot water and cover and leave 4 hours.
      Then the rice is soft and dishable so we grind the mixture well until a slightly thick white liquid is formed.
      Place in a bottle or box sealed for a full 24-hour day.
      Dilute by another liter of water and we put it on the plant after filtering from any impurities.
      Tips for success of natural fertilizer farming

      Natural fertilizers may not be in the strength of the plant which is sold ready to be used, so there are several tips that may be important for the success of agriculture in this way.

      Plants should be irrigated with nutritious solution and the plant really needs irrigation in order to absorb the reais well.
      Put the amount of solution and do not add another amount of water even if the plant needs more so as not to reduce the effect of the solution, and the next day we can irrigate the plant again.
      When spraying the plant with solution, spray well on every part of the plant, leaves, stems and flowers.
      Do not add any natural fertilizers or food residues or beverages without being well exposed to the sun so as not to be surprised by the presence of insects in the soil.
      It must pass at least a week or more between each solution and another.
      Tea and coffee residues should return dry, as they were when used or once.

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      Organic fertilizers
      Organic fertilizers comprise a variety of plant-derived materials that range from fresh or dried plant material to animal manures and litters to agricultural by-products (Wohlfarth and Schroeder, 1979; Das and Jana, 2003; Kumar et al., 2004). The nutrient content of organic fertilizers varies greatly among source materials, and readily biodegradable materials make better nutrient sources. Nitrogen and phosphorus content is lower, often substantially lower, in organic fertilizers compared to chemical fertilizers. Moisture content is another factor that reduces or dilutes the nitrogen and phosphorus concentrations of organic fertilizers. Thus, it can be cost ineffective to transport high-moisture organic fertilizer long distances. However, use of locally available sources is perfectly reasonable if its use is consistent with the production strategy. Nutrient value of animal manures is more variable than that of agricultural by-products. The animal's diet, the use and type of bedding material, manure age, and how it was stored are factors that affect manure nutrient value; these factors can vary seasonally on and among farms, and regionally or on a larger geographic scale. In contrast, nutrient content of agricultural by-products is less variable but can be affected by the industrial process used to produce the by-product. However, it always is advisable to analytically determine the nutrient content of the organic fertilizer.

      The organic carbon content of organic fertilizer can be of equal or greater importance than its nitrogen and phosphorus contents. Application of organic fertilizer promotes increases in heterotrophic bacterial biomass, which stimulates other secondary productivity and mineralizes nutrients to stimulate primary productivity (Schroeder, 1978; Anderson, 1987; Colman and Edwards, 1987; Qin et al., 1995; Barkoh et al., 2005). Furthermore, through respiration the increased bacterial population generates carbon dioxide, which increases dissolved inorganic carbon available to phytoplankton, dissolves limestone to increase pond total alkalinity, and can moderate increases in pH during periods of intense photosynthesis. Also through respiration, the bacterial population consumes oxygen and heavy applications of organic matter can result in low predawn pond dissolved oxygen concentration (Qin et al., 1995). However, organic matter decomposition and nutrient mineralization occurs over days in contrast to immediate nutrient availability from chemical fertilizer.

      Application of organic fertilizers to ponds depends on the fertilizer form and moisture content. The recommended application method for fresh animal manure, for example, cattle, swine, is to make a manure–water slurry that is splashed over the pond surface. Poultry litter can be applied by broadcasting over the ponds surface. Poultry litter bedding material such as wood chips/shaving or rice hulls, as opposed to sawdust, can decompose and accumulate on the pond bottom, which is undesirable. Agricultural by-products, for example, alfalfa meal, rice bran, can be broadcast over the pond surface along the windward bank or mixed with water to make a slurry that is splashed over the pond surface..

      Organic fertilizers and soil improvers may be placed on the market within the European Union if they are derived from Category II or Category III meat byproducts, if they have been produced in accordance with the conditions for pressure sterilization or with other conditions to prevent risks arising to public and animal health, and if they come from approved or registered establishments or plants (EC, 2009). About 690,000 tons were destined to fertilizer in 2016 within the EU (Dobbelaere, 2017). In the case of meat and bone meals derived from Category II material and processed animal proteins intended to be used as organic fertilizers and soil improvers, they have to be mixed with a component to exclude the subsequent use of the mixture for feeding purposes (EC, 2009). Such meat byproducts can improve the soil health by either adding carbon and nutrients to feed the microorganisms or indirectly by adding organic matter that improves the plant health. They also improve the soil structure by increased permeability, cation exchange capacity and aggregate stability, and a decreased bulk density. Associated benefits are thus a higher infiltration and moisture and nutrients retention, and better plant growth (Irshad and Sharma, 2015).

      The Potential Role of Noncomposted or Improperly Composted Manure in the Contamination of Agricultural Fresh Produce
      Organic fertilizer inputs in agricultural fields in the present scenario has significant environmental benefits over the use of chemical fertilizers and the practice has gained much importance. Organic matters such as animal manure, sewage sludge, and food wastes are decomposed using the anaerobic digestion process which has been reported to be an effective measure in controlling enteric pathogens (Horan et al., 2004). However, it has been observed that there are reports on the occurrence of food-borne pathogenic bacteria on crops, which were grown in soil that contained contaminated manures. A recent study in this regard carried out by Biswas et al. (2016) suggests that there exists significant variations in the survival of pathogens (the authors carried out their study with three enteric pathogens viz. E. coli, Salmonella spp., and Listeria monocytogenes) with temperature and environmental conditions, that is, liquid dairy manure in anaerobic and limited aerobic storage conditions.

      Another important aspect of enteric pathogens in manure, which eventually contaminate the fresh produce, is the ability of these pathogens to be able to develop resistance against antibiotics. A review of the documented literature shows that there is a significant rise in antibiotic-resistant bacteria in animal feces, which can enter into the food chain since the animal manure is extensively used in farmlands (da Costa et al., 2013). A recently documented report by Takemura et al. (2016) indicates that because of extensive use of veterinary antibiotics, there is high persistence and survival of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in livestock manure. Similar studies on the prevalence and persistence of potentially pathogenic and antibiotic-resistant bacteria during anaerobic digestion treatment of cattle manure have been reported by Resende et al. (2014).

      Considering the above problems of persistence and survival of enteric pathogens in noncomposted or improperly composted manure, we must (a) understand the factors the can help in the reduction of enteric pathogens in manure and (b) develop biotechnologies for improvement of dairy manure treatment. The physical character of the manure (i.e., liquid manure, slurry manure, or solid manure) can significantly influence the survival of enteric pathogens, which in turn depends on the farm management practices and also on the livestock. In manure which is in slurry or liquid form, survival of the enteric pathogens is high because of the presence of favorable moisture and alkaline pH (Cools et al., 2001). In case of solid/dried manure, the temperature is an important factor that determines the persistence of enteric pathogens in the manure. Recent reports published by Park et al., 2016, specifically focus on the role of temperature in the survival of manure-borne generic E. coli, E. coli O157:H7, and fecal coliform in soils. Erickson (2016) carried out studies on the survival of Salmonella or E. coli O157:H7 during the holding of manure-based compost mixtures at sublethal temperatures (20–40°C). They simultaneously interrogated the influence of carbon amendment to the compost mixtures. An environmental concern which has recently received much attention is that agricultural facilities having storage of large quantities of manure especially in dried form, may serve as a source of airborne contamination of leafy greens being cultivated in nearby fields. Dehydrated animal manure, results in the generation of dust-like particles that can be small enough to become readily airborne (Berry et al., 2015). Research in regard has been initiated and Oni et al. (2015) has recently documented a report that focuses on the characterization of parameters that focus on the survival of S. enterica in or on dust particles of dried turkey manure and litter that could be aerosolized during handling and survive on leafy greens in the fields.

      Biotechnologies for the reduction of survival and persistence of enteric pathogen in manure are highly advocated. Anaerobic digestion of cattle manure is one of the most environmentally favorable biotechnologies for managing enteric pathogen microbial load (Manyi-Loh et al., 2013). Recently Manyi-Loh et al. (2014) documented a 1-log reduction of E. coli and Campylobacter spp. (i.e., 90% decay rate) as opposed to a 2-log reduction of Salmonella spp. that occurred between day 9 and 14, but a similar 1-log reduction of these cells during the rest of the process indicating a 90%–99% kill rate was achieved in mesophilic anaerobic digestion. A detailed review on the use of anaerobic digestion technology for reducing the persistence and survival of enteric pathogens has been recently documented in a review by Manyi-Loh et al. (2016).
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