Overview on E-commerce in the corporate sector
The concept of e-commerce
As we enter the era of the high-speed information route in which ECommerce has become one of the most effective and important economic activities in the global economy, we must learn about the concept of this trade and the principles governing the conduct of its business operations.
Definition of Electronic Commerce
It may be very difficult to define a specific definition of e-commerce, the tariffs have varied and multiplied, and each has its own specificity depending on who it comes from,
From the point of view of the services sector, e-commerce is dealt with in a normal manner and from a limited financial side and some of it is dealt with in an expanded format.
The first is a tool to meet the wishes of companies, consumers, and corporate management officials, in reducing the cost of the service provided, taking into account that this is done in parallel with the increase in the efficiency of that service, while at the same time working to accelerate the implementation or delivery of the specific service required, and the second, which demonstrates through its presentation the quality of services more broadly, and from a situation where the professional aspect prevails In his view, e-commerce is only the processes of advertising and the identification of goods and services that can be provided to the consumer, then how to execute the transactions and conclude contracts, then sell and sell those goods and services, and then pay the purchasing value of what is offered through different networks, whether the Internet or other networks that connect the buyer and the seller.
As for the economic point of view
In your view, e-commerce is the modern type of trade that you describe, as a modern means of contracts between the consumer and the seller, or between the trader and other traders or investors, and that this type reduces the large discussions and the huge amount of paperwork used in the installation and activation of commercial contracts, as well as the long times that take time in discussions and contracts and then implement them.
Categories of Electronic Commerce
The practical experience of e-commerce policies, whether by the government or private sector, has resulted in many types of use, ranging from the use of the corporate sector to the government sector and consumers, as well as the emergence of other ways of applying them other than the usual methods they have developed (using computers and the international internet). But what is important is that the user in any field can benefit more in this type of trade, where there are categories that suit e-commerce applications more than others, the commercial market under which it includes different types of dealing and different parties for customers. This has shown patterns of e-commerce for the most important, heaviest and most valuable types of trade and hence the least participation and share in it:
E-commerce from the corporate sector to the business sector business -to- Business Electronic Commerce
It is called "B-to-B" or "B2B" and some call it "business-to-business" and many are applications and e-business events that come under this label, so there were electronic applications for this type of trade that could be called "markets" Electronic sentence), since humanity has known trade, and people between a seller and a buyer exchange websites, although the criteria differ, in quantity, type, and quality, and each one of us knows that there is a wholesale market in his city, even if its names differ even within the same country, but the wholesale markets are from the land To the Moroccans,
They share a large common denominator, perhaps the most important of which are:
1. The small number of stores in them, compared to consumer markets (single sales).
2. There are few pioneers, most of whom are already traders.
3. Their transactions are characterized by large amounts that usually exceed the normal expenditure limit.
4. The customer knows exactly what he is looking for, and has specific specifications for what he wants to buy.
This same reality is imagined in the electronic wholesale markets, which are called B2B markets as a sign of the trade in which they are usually limited to companies, so we find little this type of web site when compared to the remaining e-commerce sites, for example, aimed at consumers and both of which are merchant and consumer because the sites above are frequented only by traders, they appear just like the traditional wholesale market that mankind has known since its inception.
Examples of this type of trade include online trading directly in various goods such as steel, plastics, chemicals, the range of frequencies used to transmit information over the network (exchange of information and data), as well as alliances between automakers, aerospace and aerospace industries, and even retail (single) companies.
E-commerce corporate sector - to - consumer sector Business-to-consumer
It is called B-to-C or B2C, or as some call it, the pattern of e-commerce between a trader (a company or an enterprise) and the consumer, meaning the sale of goods and services from companies to the consumer or their business dealings through the sale of electronic retail (single-selling) to the consumer where some call it electronic shopping, or electronic retailing to distinguish it from trade between the corporate sector and each other.
The phenomenon of traditional markets has moved from the ordinary society to the Internet, where a large number of marketing sites have been created on the internet to serve as a large virtual market (Virtual market) retailing a wide variety of goods and services to consumers, ranging from clothing, electronic devices, movies, CDs and many different services that serve consumers in one way or another, and since consumers are the most pioneers of the Internet, so this type of market has spread significantly, it is possible to say that The most profitable traders in this genre are traders who are still in business that fully address consumers and are interested in how to achieve good returns by using their expertise in traditional trade and employing them in this new type of trade.
E-commerce from the corporate sector to the government sector Business-to-Government
It is called B-to-G or B2G. This type of trade includes all transactions that concern companies and their attachment to government agencies, as well as under this type of trade, e-government purchases of various goods from companies as well as business essays and contracts that belong to the government business, where through this type of trade tenders for various government businesses are put forward for participation by companies.
E-commerce from government-to-government sector
It is called G-to-G or G2G, where e-commerce transactions include information exchange and coordination between government agencies. But they can include commercial works, such as renting certain land to government agencies, renting buildings to government departments, and so on.
E-commerce from government to government-to-business sector
It is called G-to-B or G2B, and in this type of e-commerce, the government uses the Internet to exchange information with companies, including information on trade taxes, customs taxes, etc., as well as services provided by government agencies to companies either on their websites or in their traditional locations in the real world rather than in the virtual world.
E-commerce from government-to-consumer individuals
It is called G-to-C or G2C, and in this type of trade information is exchanged between government agencies and consumers, as well as includes services provided by government agencies to citizens such as educational, cultural and medical services or to provide specialized researchers with a specific scientific branch of statistics and data, as well as the announcements of government agencies about their vacancies.