The richest Arab country


Qatar is the richest Arab country

The State of Qatar is the richest Arab country, according to the results of the International Monetary Fund for both 2016 and 2017, based on the average purchasing power of individuals in the State of Qatar. In 2016, it reached 129,726,787 dollars, while in 2017 it was estimated at 131,062,810 dollars. That is, it witnessed an increase compared to 2016, and below is information about the State of Qatar.

Economy


The economy in the State of Qatar is witnessing continuous development. The Qatari state is interested in implementing a set of economic policies that contribute to the diversification of sources of income, supporting the development of the economic infrastructure, and benefiting from all natural resources, such as: oil and gas, supporting the role of the private sector, and activating laws supporting investment, and other economic measures.

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Qatar ranks third in terms of its gas reserves in the world after Iran and Russia, and its gas reserves are equivalent to about 872 trillion cubic feet, and according to the current production rate, it is estimated that this reserve will last for about 156 years. The State of Qatar has been investing in the gas industry since 1990. As a result, in 2006 AD it became the largest exporter of liquefied gas in the world. The Qatari government also sought to implement an investment program to support public investments. With the aim of enhancing economic diversification, the program included financial returns from oil exports and the manufacturing industry, while providing support and development for government services associated with the tourism and transport sectors.

Location and geography


The State of Qatar is a peninsula located on the eastern side of the Arabian Peninsula, and it shares borders on the southern side with the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and it also shares maritime borders with the United Arab Emirates and the Kingdom of Bahrain, and the area of ​​Qatar reaches 11,437 km². A plain of rocks extends over the surface of the State of Qatar and differs between ripple and flatness, as well as not many visible geographical features spread on its surface, except for some plateaus located on the western side of the country, and the hills that rise to about 60 m above the sea. That they contain a small amount of organic materials, and they are of lime sources, not agricultural, and the distribution of soil between Qatari lands is uneven, and the percentage of salts in it is high in agricultural and coastal areas. Weak irrigation has led to an increase in salinity.

the climate


The humid and hot climate prevails and affects the State of Qatar in the period between the months of June (June) to September (September), and temperatures during the period of the day reach approximately 50 degrees Celsius, and the impact of the autumn and spring seasons extends between the months of April ), May, October, and November; As these months are considered moderate in their temperatures; Where the average temperature is equivalent to 17 degrees Celsius, while the winter is slightly cold with rare rain.

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Population


The Population Census of the Qatari Ministry of Development Planning and Statistics indicates that the population of Qatar reached 2,675,522 in April 2017. Society in the State of Qatar contains many ethnic groups, and the Arab population constitutes about 40%, while the population of India forms 18%, and Pakistanis constitute 18% of the population density, and the percentage of other ethnic groups is estimated at about 14%. The Arabic language is the national language in Qatar, and the use of the English language is widely spread among the population, and the Persian language is used among a small group of people, and Islam is the official religion in the country, and a group of other religions, such as Judaism, Christianity, Baha'i and Hinduism, are also spread.

History


Archaeological discoveries, inscriptions, and excavations obtained in various regions in Qatar indicated that its land had been inhabited since approximately 4000 BC, as told by the historian Herodotus of Greece in the fifth century BC, that the first inhabitants of Qatar were Canaanites, and appeared in Their era of maritime trade, while in the Islamic era, Qatar played an important role in Islamic and Arab history. Its inhabitants helped equip the first fleet to transport Muslim armies by sea during the Islamic conquests.

At the beginning of the eighteenth century AD, the Al-Thani family ruled the Qatari state, and the family got its name from its president, Muhammad bin Thani. The father of Sheikh Muhammad bin Thani was the first to apply his authority in the Qatar Peninsula during the nineteenth century AD, and the Al Thani tribe lived in the region It is called the Jibreen Oasis located in the southern side of Najd, and then migrated to Qatar at the beginning of the eighteenth century AD, and settled on the northern side of the Qatar Peninsula, and moved to Doha during the rule of Sheikh Muhammad bin Thani. The outbreak of the First World War in 1914 AD led to the demise of Ottoman rule over the Arab countries, so Britain was keen to sign a treaty with Qatar in 1916; In order to impose its protection on the Qatari lands, and in 1971 AD, Qatar gained its independence.

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The original population of Qatar


According to the statistics of January of 2017, issued by the Ministry of Development Planning and Statistics in the State of Qatar, the number of the original inhabitants of Qatar is 2,576,181. The first inhabitants of Qatar constitute the groups that settled on Qatari lands from the nomads, and the economic growth in the 1970s contributed to an increase in the number of expatriate workers and immigrants from Arab and Asian countries to Qatar, specifically from India and Pakistan. The Arabic language is the official language of the state, and almost all Qatari people use it to communicate between them. This is done by relying on the spoken and spoken dialect, while fluent Arabic is taught in the scope of school education, and English is used as a general language, in addition to some secondary languages, such as Urdu and Persian. Islam is considered the official religion in Qatar, and the large percentage of the population is spread in urban cities compared to rural areas where minorities live, and Doha has the largest population density; It contains nearly half of the population of Qatar.