Overview on Smoke components

What is smoking:

Smoking is defined as the process by which a person ignites smoking tools such as a cigarette or pipe and then absorbs and inhales smoke from this ignition, and puffs it out of the body either through the nose or mouth.


Smoke components:

Cigarette smoke contains more than 4,700 compounds and chemicals in its components, and studies have shown that about 60 of them are carcinogenic, and for that they are called carcinogens.

Cigarette smoke has 3 main components:

Carbon monoxide:
is a toxic gas, and its presence in tobacco varies depending on the amount of oxygen reaching the combustion area, as the ratio is reversed between the amount of oxygen and the percentage of carbon monoxide, the lower the oxygen content, the higher the amount of carbon monoxide, the quantity of the amount per cigarette is approximately 2-20 milligrams, and its quantity depends on the amount of air inhaled with the type of cigarette filter, in addition to containing the same smoke that a smoker inhales on 1-5% of carbon monoxide.

Carbon monoxide is a substance that causes damage to the body's arteries as a toxic substance, and when talking about the human body, it is not a member without the presence of arteries, whether large or small, so carbon monoxide harms all organs of the human body from head to foot without exception.

The toxicity of carbon monoxide gas is caused by the fact that it weakens and limits the effectiveness of blood to transport oxygen to the various cells of the body, Since this gas has a superior ability to bind to the blood hemoglobin to a greater degree than oxygen, it replaces oxygen in the blood of smokers with the formation of the so-called carboxy-hemoglobin cancer, causing significant damage to human cells, the wave of which begins with disorders of the nervous system when the carboxy-hemoglobin reaches 2-5% in the blood, and when this percentage is reached
The carbon monoxide gas in the hinge has reached 30 ppm.

Nicotine:
is an organic, toxic, semi-alkaline compound that can be found in many parts of tobacco plants, especially in leaves, and as a component of tobacco it is also a component of the cigarette industry, pipe and various smoking tools.

Nicotine is addictive to a person, an original stimulant.

It should be noted that the function of this substance is that it is attractive to the body of the smoker because it needs it, and is not the substance that causes cancers and diseases.

Dr. Michael Russell, a tobacco researcher, says:

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People smoke for nicotine but die from tar. It is important for people to understand that nicotine is not the biggest problem, so it should be seen as a tool that can be used to facilitate the way for smokers to quit smoking, as it actually began in 2009 to legalize the reduction of nicotine in cigarettes as a primary factor for addiction.

Tar:
It is a sticky substance of yellow color, causing the teeth multiple problems such as yellowing and necrosis, as well as gum inflammation, each cigarette contains approximately 3-40 milligrams of tar, and its quantity depends on the type and length of the cigarette filter.

When a smoker inhales smoke from cigarette combustion, tar from the combustion of tobacco in cigarettes accumulates on the wall of the lungs.

It is a dangerous substance for lung tissue because tar and smoke when they meet slow down the speed and movement of small cilia that line the passages and breathing pathways.

These cilia in the non-smoker do their job well and move with ease and flexibility, expelling all foreign objects entering breathing corridors such as dust and sputum, and disposing of them through the mouth.

Tar is a carcinogen of all kinds, leading to chronic bronchitis and lung cancer when combined with other harmful substances in tobacco.

Other ingredients:

When a person smokes, tobacco and other substances are subject to a range of chemical reactions to form smoke containing more than 400 substances, including:

Ammonia.
Hydrogen cyanide.
PVC.
Arsenic.


Carcinogens in smoke include:

Cadmium:
It is a heavy toxic element and has harmful consequences on the body of the smoker as its quantity increases, when it accumulates in the human body it is not possible to get rid of it, and cadmium fumes lead to the irritation of the mucous membranes that form the inside of the respiratory tract.

Formaldehyde:

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It is also a harmful substance on the airway.
Quinolin.
Arsenic.
Hydrogen cyanide.
Benzperin.
Hydrogen sulfur.
Nitrogen dioxide.
Ammonia.
Nitrosamine.

Dangers of smoking:

Smoking causes many health problems and diseases for smokers, including:

Premature death.
Cardiac arrest.
Respiratory diseases.
Cancer, especially lung cancer.
Stroke.
Heart disease.
Diseases of the lungs.
Vascular diseases.


Information about smoking:

Manufactured annually and consumed about 5 trillion cigarettes, about 15 billion cigarettes are sold daily, and about 10 million cigarettes are purchased in one minute.

There are about 1.1 billion smokers worldwide, and their number is likely to increase to about 1.6 billion by 2025.

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The cigarette filter is made of very small and precise plastic fibers, called cellulose acetate, and this material needs to be decomposed in the environment about 18 months to 10 years.

There is one adolescent smoker around the world out of a total of 5 adolescents between the ages of 13 and 15.

Half of people who have been smoking for a long time will die from smoking-related diseases.

One smoker dies every eight seconds around the world from smoking, which means there are 5 million deaths from smoking each year.

Nearly 1 billion smokers are expected to die this century if necessary and serious measures are not taken to combat smoking around the world.

Nearly 90% of people who smoke started smoking before they were 21 years old.